Dr. Carol Ireland Publications

2018

Hughes, C. Ireland, J. L., & Ireland, C. A. (2018). Examining the functions of prison critical incidents: A preliminary
qualitative analysis of public reporting. Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice, 4(2), 101-110.

Ireland, C. A. (2018). Examining harmful sexual behaviour in male children: Considering the implications for practice. In J. L. Ireland, P. Birch, & C. A. Ireland. The Routledge International Handbook of Human Aggression: Current Issues and Perspectives. Routledge, UK.

Ireland, C. A., & Huxley, S. (in press). Psychological trauma in professionals working with traumatised children.
Journal of Forensic Practice.

2017

Ireland. C. A. (2017). Assessment of hostage situations and their perpetrators: In the context of domestic violence. In K. D. Browne, A. R. Beech & L. A. Craig (Eds.), Assessments in Forensic Practice: A Handbook. Wiley: UK.

Ireland, J. L., Ireland, C. A., Fisher, M., Gredecki, N. (2017). The Routledge International Handbook of Forensic Psychology in Secure Settings (Routledge International Handbooks). London: Routledge.

2016

Barker, L. F., Ireland, J. L., Chu, S., & Ireland, C. A. (2016). Sleep and its association with aggression among prisoners: Quantity or quality? International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 47, 115 – 121.

Ireland, C. A., Ozanne, R., & Ireland, J.L. (2016). Brief review spotlight: Females who sexually offend. Journal of Forensic Practice, 18(4), 296-300.

Ireland, J. L, Bates-Gaston, K., Markey, K., Greenwood, L., & Ireland, C. A. (2016). Evaluation of a cognitive skills programme for male prisoners: Exploring treatment effectiveness. Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice, 2(4), 244-249.

Ireland, J. L, Ireland, C. A, Lewis, M., Jones, C., & Keeley, S. (2016). Initial development of an implicit and explicit approach to assess psychopathy. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 46, 117-128.

Ireland, J. L, Ireland, C. A., & Power, C. L. (2016). Attitudes towards prisoner-to-prisoner bullying and the association with prison environments: Examining the components. Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research, 8(2), 124-136.

Ireland, J. L., Priday, L., Ireland, C. A., Chu, S., Kilcoyne, J., & Mulligan, C. (2016). Predicting hospital aggression in secure psychiatric care. British Journal of Psychiatry Open, 2, 96–100.
Lewis, M , Ireland, J. L., Abbott, J., & Ireland, C. A. (2016). Initial development of the psychopathic processing and personality assessment (PAPA) across populations. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry.

McBride, H. & Ireland, C. A. (2016). The impact of coping style, self-efficacy, emotional reaction and resilience on trauma related intrusive thoughts. Journal of Forensic Practice, 18(3), 229 – 239.

2015

Ireland, C. A., Alderson, K., & Ireland, J. L. (2015). Sexual exploitation in children: Nature, prevalence and distinguishing characteristics reported in young adulthood. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma. 24(6), 603-622.

Ireland, C. A, Halpin, L., and Ireland, J.L. (2015). Exploring individual factors associated with critical incidents in a secure psychiatric setting: A preliminary study. Psychiatry, Psychology and Law, 22 (2), 259 – 272.

2014

Dewa, L. Ireland, C. A., & Ireland, J. L. (2014). Terror Management Theory: The influence of terrorism salience on anxiety and the buffering of cultural worldview and self-esteem, Journal of Psychiatry, Psychology and Law, 21(3), 370-384.

Ireland, C. A., Halpin, L., & Sullivan, C. (2014). Critical incidents in a forensic psychiatric population: An exploratory study of motivational factors. Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology, 25(6), 714 – 732.

2013

Ferguson, K, Ireland, C. A., & Ireland, J. L. (2013). Developing a self-report measure to assess disclosure strategies in adult male prisoners and its association with personality. Journal of Forensic Practice, 15(2), 97 – 108.

2012

Ferguson, K., & Ireland, C. A. (2012). Attitudes towards victims and perpetrators of hypothetical rape scenarios involving intoxication: an application to the UK. Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research 4(2), 96-107.

2011

Dewa, L, Ireland, C. A., & Gredecki, N. (2011). The interpersonal style and complementarity between crisis negotiators and forensic inpatients. Journal of Family Violence, 26, 277 – 283.

Ireland, C. A. & Craig, L. (2011). Adult sex offender assessment. In D. P. Boer, L. A. Craig, R. Ehler, M. H. Miner and F. Pfafflin (Eds.), International Perspectives on the Assessment and Treatment of Sexual Offenders: Theory, Practice and Research. Wiley-Blackwell: UK

Ireland, C. A. (2011). Application of the critical incident to mental illness and cognitive impairment: considerations and implications. In C. A. Ireland, M. Fisher and G. M. Vecchi. Conflict and Crisis Communication: Principles and Practice. UK: Routledge.

Ireland, C. A. (2011). Application of the critical incident to personality disorder: considerations and implications. In C. A. Ireland., M. Fisher and G. M. Vecchi. (Eds.), Conflict and Crisis Communication: Principles and Practice. UK: Routledge.

Ireland, C. A. (2011). Held against their choice: behaviour, considerations and implications for the hostage. In C. A. Ireland., M. Fisher and G. M. Vecchi. (Eds.), Conflict and Crisis Communication: Principles and Practice. UK: Routledge.

Ireland. C. A. (2011). Introduction to Forensic Psychology I: Working with organisations and offenders. In G. Davey (Ed.), Introduction to Applied Psychology. BPS Wiley-Blackwell: UK.

Ireland. C. A, Fisher, M., & Vecchi. G. M. (2011). Conflict and Crisis Communication: Principles and Practice. UK: Routledge.

Ireland, J. L. & Ireland, C. A., (2011). Personality structure among prisoners: How valid is the Five Factor Model and can it offer support for Eysenck’s theory of criminality? Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health, 21(1), 35 – 50.
2010

Fisher, M., Ireland, C. A., & Sullivan, E. (2010). Research in prison. In R. Shuker and E. Sullivan (Eds.), Grendon and the Emergence of Forensic Therapeutic Communities: Developments in Research and Practice. Wiley-Blackwell: UK.

Ireland, C. A. (2010). Key stages and factors in the consultancy focus and relationship. In C. A. Ireland and M. Fisher (Eds.), Consultancy and Advising in Forensic Practice: Empirical and Practical Guidelines. UK: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing.

Ireland, C. A. (2010). The role of a consultant: functions, skills, competences and presentation. In C. A. Ireland and M. Fisher (Eds.), Consultancy and Advising in Forensic Practice: Empirical and Practical Guidelines. UK: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing.

Ireland, C. A. & Fisher, M. (2010). Acting as the consultant advisor in a crisis situation. In C. A. Ireland and M. Fisher (Eds.), Consultancy and Advising in Forensic Practice: Empirical and Practical Guidelines. UK: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing.

Ireland C. A. & Fisher, M (2010). Consultancy and Advising in Forensic Practice: Empirical and Practical Guidelines. UK: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing.

2009

Davison, S. & Ireland C.A. (2009). Substance misuse: the relationship between attachment styles, personality traits and coping in drug and non-drug users. Journal of Drugs and Alcohol Today, 22 – 28.

Higgins, C. & Ireland, C. A. (2009). Attitudes towards male and female sex offenders: A comparison of forensic staff, prison officers and the general public in Northern Ireland. British Journal of Forensic Practice, 14 – 19.

Ireland, C. A. & Vecchi, G.M. (2009). The Behavioral Influence Stairway Model (BISM): A framework for managing terrorist crisis situations? Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression,1(3), 203 – 218.

2008

Ireland, C. A. (2008). Cognitive impairment and sex offending: Management during therapy and factors in offending. The British Journal of Forensic Practice, 10(2), 18 – 25.

Ireland, C. A. (2008). Intellectual assessment. In G, Towl, D. Farrington, D. Crighton and G. Hughes (Eds.), Dictionary of Forensic Psychology. UK: Willan Publishing.

Ireland, C. A. (2008). Neuropsychological assessment. In G, Towl, D. Farrington, D. Crighton and G. Hughes (Eds.), Dictionary of Forensic Psychology. UK: Willan Publishing.

Ireland, J. L. & Ireland, C. A. (2008). Intra-group aggression among prisoners: bullying intensity and exploration of victim-perpetrator mutuality, Aggressive Behaviour. 34(1), 76 – 87.

Ireland, J. L, Ireland, C. A., & Birch, P. (2008). Violent and Sexual Offenders: Assessment, Treatment and Management. UK: Willan Publishing.

2007

Ireland, C. A. (2007). What is sadism and sexual sadism anyway? Forensic Update, 90, 29 – 33.

2006

Brown, S. L., & Ireland, C. A. (2006). Coping style and distress in newly incarcerated male adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 38(6), 656-661.

Ferguson, K., & Ireland, C. A. (2006). Attitudes towards sex offenders and the influence of offence type: a comparison of staff working in a forensic setting and students. British Journal of Forensic Practice, 10–19.

2005

Ireland, C. A. (2005). Sex offender group therapy and personal impact on the client: Is there a risk of retraumatisation? Forensic Update, 82.

Ireland, J. L., Boustead, R., & Ireland, C. A. (2005). Coping style and psychological health among adolescent prisoners: a study of young and juvenile offenders. Journal of Adolesence, 28, 411 – 423.

2004

Ireland, C. A., & Rogers, J. (2004). Adapted sex offender therapy: Responsivity factors, Forensic Update.

2003

Ireland, J. L., & Ireland, C. A. (2003). How do prisoners define bullying? A study of adult, young and juvenile male offenders. Journal of Legal and Criminological Psychology, 8(2), 159 – 173.
Ireland, C. A., Naylor, K., & Wilkes-Riley, F. (2003). Personality disorder and psychopathy: Facing challenges in sex offender group treatment. Forensic Update, 75, 31 – 36.
Pitman, I., & Ireland, C. A. (2003). Cognitive ability sex offender therapy. Forensic Update, 73, 14 – 19.

2000

Ireland, C. A. (2000). Development and evaluation of a bullying awareness training package for staff, Forensic Update.

Ireland, C. A. & Archer, J. (2000). Homesickness among a prison population. Legal and Criminological Psychology, 5, 97-106.

Ireland, C. A. & Ireland, J. L. (2000). Descriptive analysis of the nature and extent of bullying behaviour in a maximum security prison. Aggressive Behaviour, 26, 213 – 223.

1999

Ireland, C. A. (1999). Conditions experienced by staff in the control room of a dispersal prison. Prison Service Journal, 121.

Conference papers:

Bailey, K. & Ireland, C. A. (2007). Hostage taking in secure services: Assessing and managing the role of mental disorder. 30th International Congress on Law and Mental Health Abstract Resumes, Padua, June, Springer: Netherlands.

Brown, S. L. & Ireland, C. A. (2007). Coping with prisoners: Current status and future directions. 30th International Congress on Law and Mental Health Abstract Resumes. Padua. Springer: Netherlands.

Ireland, C. A. (2007). Cognitive impairment and sexual offending: Management during therapy and factors in offending. 30th International Congress on Law and Mental Health Abstract Resumes, Padua. Springer: Netherlands.

Ireland, C. A. (2008). Held against your choice: Being taken hostage. Division of Forensic Psychology Conference, Edinburgh Conference Centre, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, UK.

Ireland, C. A. (2008). Crisis negotiation with a mentally disordered forensic population: application of models and approaches. Division of Forensic Psychology Conference, Edinburgh Conference Centre, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, UK.

Ireland, C. A. (2011). Application of crisis negotiation to individuals with mental disorder. The Second North American Correctional and Criminal Justice Psychology Conference, Sheraton Centre, Toronto, Canada, 2 – 4th June.

Ireland, C. A., & Archer, J. (1999). Homesickness amongst a young offender population, Programme and Abstracts from the Division of Forensic Psychology Conference, Churchill College: University of Cambridge.

Ireland, C. A. & Ireland, J. L. (2000). Descriptive Analysis of the nature and extent of bullying behavior in a maximum security prison, Paper presented at the International Society for Research into Aggression, Valencia, Spain.
Ireland, J. L., & Ireland, C. A. (2011). Innovations in aggression therapy and intervention: Life Minus Violence-Enhanced. The Second North American Correctional and Criminal Justice Psychology Conference, Sheraton Centre, Toronto, Canada, 2 – 4th June.

Ireland, C. A., & Ireland, J. L. (2015). Introducing the Life Minus Violence-Enhanced Harmful Sexual Behaviour (LMV-HSB). Division of Forensic Psychology Conference, Manchester, 1 – 3rd July.

Ireland, C. A., Halpin, L, Ireland, J.L., Higgins, M., & Knowles, M. (2012). Exploring motivations for critical incidents: Personality, coping skills and poor social problem solving in a mentally disordered forensic male sample. British Psychological Society Conference, London, 18 – 20th April.

Ireland, C. A., Lattimore, P. J., & Archer, J. (2001). Early prison life: role of coping and homesickness on health among young offenders. Programme and abstracts from the Division of Forensic Psychology Conference, University of Birmingham, 4 – 6th April.
Ireland, J. L., Ireland, C. A., Fisher, M. & Whiteside, I. (2014). Bullying among prisoners: The role of emotions and externalising behaviours for bully-victims, Division of Forensic Psychology Conference, Glasgow University.

Ireland, J. L., Turner, P., Money, C., Graham-Kevan, N., Ireland, C. A., Morris-King, S, Xuereb, S., & Power, C. (2010). Developing and evaluating a long term aggression treatment programme: Life Minus Violence-Enhanced®™. Division of Forensic Psychology Conference, Kent University, Canterbury

Keeley, S., & Ireland, C. A. (2014). Assessing psychopathy in a student sample; Examining a role for aggressive beliefs, hostility and empathy. Division of Forensic Psychology Conference, Glasgow University.

McNeill, K, Ireland, C. A., Ireland, J. L., & Chu, S. (2014). Staff Perspectives of Critical Incidents: An Exploration of Perceived Functions and Protective Factors, Division of Forensic Psychology Conference, Glasgow University.

Pitman, I., & Ireland, C. A. (2003). Failing IQ? The need to develop better understanding of individual cognitive abilities and inabilities within the courts and custodial treatment services, Paper presented at the Psychology and Law Conference, Edinburgh.

Turner, P., Ireland, J. L., & Ireland, C. A. (2014) Examining intention to aggress in a forensic setting: Applying the Multifactor Model of Bullying in Secure Settings. Division of Forensic Psychology Conference, Glasgow University.

Wilkes-Riley, F. Naylor, K., & Ireland, C. A. (2002). Sex offender treatment for clients with personality disorder: The story so far.Programme and abstracts from the Division of Forensic Psychology Conference. University of Manchester, 3 – 5th April.